The Complete Guide of Hormone Replacement Therapy for Women

Hormone replacement therapy for women is routinely prescribed primarily for the treatment or management of menopause or its associated symptoms.

However, back in 2002, a group raised concerns over this treatment option which resulted in limiting its usage by more than two-thirds of women.

So, we have enlisted some of the popular queries concerning HRT in women along with their possible solutions.

What is Hormone Replacement Therapy?

It is a treatment which helps in replacing the reduced hormonal levels with the synthetic ones to replenish the hormonal levels for effective working of the human body.


The hormones can either be estrogen alone or a combination of estrogen and progesterone depending on the requirements of women experiencing the menopausal symptoms.

The Procedure-

Both types of hormonal therapies are available as a pill, gel, patch, vaginal cream, and a ring.

Some doctors in women hormone replacement therapy clinics believe that using a low-dose transdermal patch is the best way to deliver the hormones as the medicine gets directly transferred into the bloodstream.

What are Types of HRT Available?

  • Cyclical HRT

It mimics the normal menstrual cycle. In this progesterone is given as a choice of the hormone. It helps in regulating bleeding cycles along with endometrium protection.

  • Estrogen-alone HRT

It is usually given to the women who have undergone a hysterectomy.

  • Continuous Combined Therapy HRT

Here combinations of an estrogen and progestogen are prescribed continuously to achieve period-free HRT.

  • Long Cycle HRT

It is a method which causes withdrawal bleeds every three months instead of every month.

It is given to the ones who suffer side effects when taking progestogen therapy.

  • Local Estrogen

These are used mainly for urogenital problems, such as dry vagina, irritations, bladder problems or infections.

What is the Need for Hormone Replacement Treatment in Women?

When a woman reaches her menopause stage, the hormones that were mentioned before, their levels start falling. These hormones are responsible for various kinds of functions that are essential for the proper functioning of the body.


For example, estrogen is essential for processing calcium along with managing healthy cholesterol levels. Plus, it is required for maintaining vaginal health.

With women approaching menopause, these sudden falling hormonal levels might result in hot flashes, night sweats, vaginal dryness, painful intercourse, mood changes, and sleep problems.

How will Hormone Replacement Therapy help?

Supplying the body with reduced hormones such as estrogen, progesterone and sometimes even testosterone can help to alleviate many symptoms associated with menopause.

  • For Psychological Issues

Many menopausal symptoms such as irritability, sleep deprivation, anxiety can be effectively managed by using progesterone hormonal therapy.

  • For Hot flashes

Varying estrogen levels in the body usually cause hot flashes along with night sweats. Using ERT as the treatment therapy option, one can relieve these symptoms effectively.

  • For Low Sex Drive

It is usually related to low testosterone levels, so one can opt for low testosterone levels or DHEA levels for improving the sexual life as well as improving the health of the woman suffering from menopause.

  • Vaginal Dryness

It could also be the reason for the reduced sex drive. Therefore, getting estrogen treatment will tremendously improve this symptom. One can opt for estrogen lubricants as well.

  • Chest Pain

Many women face this issues while dealing with menopause. To manage this symptom, progesterone is an excellent alternative which helps in relieving coronary artery spasm which is the reason why women face chest pain issues.

Who should go for HRT?

Usually, the benefits of hormone replacement therapy in women outweigh any possible health risks. If you are experiencing moderate to severe menopausal symptoms, especially the ones with a family history of osteoporosis should opt for this therapy.

Women who have removed their therapies and have not undergone this treatment might become a victim to one of the following medical disorders such as-

  • Osteoporosis
  • Heart disease
  • Parkinson’s-like symptoms
  • Anxiety or depression

However, whether or not to opt for this treatment therapy usually depends on your age, time since the menopause started. You can consult women hormone replacement therapy clinics for any further information.

Who should avoid Hormone Replacement Therapy?

Women having any history or an ongoing disease such as breast cancer, heart disease, liver disease, blood clots may not be an ideal candidate for this therapy.

When is the Right Time for Considering this Option?

Usually, women face menopause around the age of 50. However, many women face this situation at varying time intervals. Therefore, you must always consult a professional doctor about the right time for this treatment.

The bottom line for hormone replacement therapy in women is that it cannot cure everything. Plus, one should be cautious of what they are using to relieving their symptoms.

However, it remains one of the best treatment options menopausal symptoms along with improving quality of life.


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